In an image from nearly a century ago, taken in May 1930, the class of 1932 gathers on the lawn near Main Building for their tree ceremony. Dressed in white robes, hoods and some with fake white beards on, the large group of students are holding a flag emblazoned with their class year. Some students stand around the small sapling they just planted as their class tree.
Although class trees and the events around them don’t h
ave much presence on campus now, it was a big deal 85 years ago, involving dove-releasing, secret rites and digging the hole using Matthew Vassar’s silver spade. The tree ceremonies were documented by a series of images dating from 1904 to 1935.
This series of visual materials can be found in the “Glass Plates Negatives” collection at Vassar’s digital library. With 870 images in total, the collection was recently conserved and digitized at an off-campus conservation center. The images were
processed from corresponding glass plate negatives, which was a common way of preserving images in the last century.
The story behind these images can be as refreshing as the stories they depict.
Although the images just became available, the glass plate negatives they were made from have been in the stacks of the Archives and Special Collections Library for decades. A College Archivist working in the Special Collections, Laura Streett says that the plate negatives have been there for as long as she could remember. “I’ve been here for 11 years and my boss has been here for 16, so it’s possible that they were wrapped in bubble wraps and cardboards when this wing of the library was added.”
Special Collections has been making an ongoing effort to digitize Vassar-related documents. So earlier this year, the first 100 packages of the plate negatives were sent out to the Northeast Document Conservation Center (NEDCC), a non-profit conservation center specializing in the preservation of library and archival materials in Massachusetts. There, the packages were opened; the plates were cleaned and re-housed; and images were made from them.
According to the Senior Photograph Conservator at NEDCC, Monique Fischer, the first step was to unwrap the packages. She wrote in an emailed statement: “The glass plate negatives arrived housed in acidic corrugated board and wrapped in bubble wrap. Tape was used to hold the package together… the first part of the procedure was to unwrap the packages and inspect the glass plate negatives. Many were in stable condition. However, a few were broken with missing pieces.”
Once removed from the original packages, he continued, the glass-side of the negatives were cleaned using a cotton pad with moisture and ethanol. Residual adhesive or paper tapes were also removed from the glass-side of the plate negatives using moisture. This prepared them for imaging.
The imaging procedure consisted of photographing the negatives and electronically reversing the negative color. Director of Imaging Services at NEDCC, Terrance D’Ambrosio elaborated on how to photograph translucent materials such as a glass plate. According to him, they would employ a copy stand, which has an arm that holds the camera facing down and parallel to the table surface. For transparent materials, the copy stand’s table has a window cut out of the center with a piece of glass inset. And below it there’s a flashlight.
He wrote in an emailed statement, “So the idea is that we set up the glass plate over the window, and then when we release the shutter, it triggers the strobe, the strobe releases a burst of light, and we capture the glass plate in a single, quick shot, just as the light passes through the glass.”
With photo captures taken, D’Ambrosio and his colleagues then proceeded to invert the negative images into positive ones. Although traditionally carried out in a dark room, this process is done electronically. “With the digital file, we do the same thing, essentially, but with the capture and editing software we use. So for each individual digital image, the photographer made manual adjustments to the levels–brightness, contrast, etc.–to make sure that they all looked their best,” explained D’Ambrosio.
After imaging and digitization, each individual plate negatives was re-housed in four-flap enclosures and placed in flip-top boxes. Fischer explained the special criterion of these packing materials.
“All housing materials used have passed the Photograph Activity Test (PAT), which is an international standard test for evaluating photo-storage and display products. The tests evaluates possible chemical interactions between enclosures and photographic images after long-term storage,” she wrote.
Recounting their experiences working with these glass plate negatives, both D’Ambrosio and Fischer agreed that their handling was the hardest part. “In part it’s that they’re heavy and require very gentle handling, but there’s also the background knowledge that this is a totally unique but incredibly fragile object, and one misstep on your part could destroy it,” wrote D’Ambrosio.
At Vassar, Digital Initiatives Librarian, Joanna DiPasquale was responsible for categorizing and posting them online. She wrote in an emailed statement, “Once the digital materials were sent to us, my department worked with our College Archivist to collect as much metadata as possible (description, what images belonged with others, etc.), and placed the materials into our digital repository…We had very basic information. Our college archivist did an amazing job fleshing out this information so that the items were better organized and searchable.”
One aspect of this information is the photographer’s name: Edward L. Wolven. A contract photographer of the college during the period, Wolven took most of the recovered images. Streett shared further information about this Poughkeepsie photographer. “We know he was active at Vassar from the turn of 20th century into the 1930s. He was contracted out, and hired as an official photographer to take athlete team photos, or to record dramatic events such as the Field Day. His name is all over our prints, and also in scrapbooks, since he would offer images for sale and students would buy them and add them to their scrapbooks.”
To improve the understanding of Vassar’s history and to better facilitate students and faculty members with their research, Special Collections started a consistent endeavor to conserve and digitize materials related to the College a few years ago. Untill today, many films and recordings have been digitized, as well as every issue of Miscellany News untill 2011, with more recent issues to follow. The Vassar Quarterly will be posted online soon, too.
Phase two of the plate negatives conservation project is now underway. Funded by a gift from the class of 1950, packages 101-198, dates ranging from 1900 to 1956, are now at NEDCC and are expected to yield an additional 700 images some time this fall. The third phase of the project will include about 1950 images from 1913 to 1961.
Streett conclude, “It requires a substantial amount of money to carry out this project, and we are always looking for interested parties to help with it. We rely on the help, kindness and generosity of people.”