Misogyny still defines the music industry in 2021

Juliette Pope/The Miscellany News

2020 was undoubtedly the year of the pop woman. Dua Lipa took us to the future, the past and the club with badass back-to-back electric dance bops. Selena Gomez bore her heart and soul in “Rare,” blossoming into a fully matured woman and singer/songwriter in the aftermath of a decade-long abusive relationship. Taylor Swift pulled not one, but two Beyoncés and served us dreamy, escapist folk and complex teenage love triangles. Megan Thee Stallion reminded us to love our bodies after the quarantine 15 and that there’s always some “Good News” to be had. Miley Cyrus, Ariana Grande, Halsey, Kehlani, Blackpink, Lady Gaga, Rina Sawayama, Lennon Stella, BENEE and Alicia Keys are just a few other artists that blessed us with killer albums last year. 

That list almost makes it seem like women are dominating the music industry. Unfortunately, not quite. If you pay attention, you’ll find that the majority of these albums have a few things in common. One: At least one track directly or indirectly responds to sexism. Two: The majority of the songwriters and producers are men. Three: Their audience is almost exclusively women and queer people because most men do not take pop seriously as a genre. Although we live in an exciting time full of fresh and smart female talent, misogyny remains the dark underbelly of pop music and culture, and women in pop are continually forced to emphasize that.

In the feminist banger “Golden G String,” (that one track) on her album “Plastic Hearts,” Miley Cyrus grapples with being a woman in the music industry: “There are layers to this body/ Primal sex and primal shame/ They told me I should cover it so I went the other way/ I was trying to own my power/ Still I’m trying to work it out…” In that raspy verse, she implores us to understand that she is not a sex object, but a person dealing with sexism who’s been pushed around by men in the industry. For Taylor Swift, “Mad Woman” is the dedicated track on “Folklore”: “No one likes a mad woman/ You made her like that/ …You poke that bear till her claws come out/ And you find something to wrap your noose around.” If a woman is “mad,” she sings, it’s because of some man using the gender power dynamic to his advantage. Gaga takes another unique approach in “Plastic Woman,” off her latest album “Chromatica,” describing herself as a plastic doll through vivid imagery: “I’ve got blonde hair and cherry lips/ I’m state of art, I’m microchipped/…Am I your type?” Oof. Other notable examples of women directly calling out men in their albums include Halsey’s “killing boys” and Dua Lipa’s “Boys Will Be Boys.” However, “that one track” combating patriarchy also often manifests in a celebration of the artists themselves, their womanhood and their genre. Ariana Grande’s “Just Like Magic,” Rina Sawayama’s “Comme des Garcons” and Megan Thee Stallion’s “Body” are all explicit celebrations of femininity and anthems about body image, confidence and independence.

Female artists are always spreading these messages about misogyny loud and clear, but no matter how much fame and status they achieve, it’s not reaching men’s ears. As one popdust.com article notes: “According to data from Spotify, based on a sample of five million subscribers, male users listened to 94.2 percent male artists.” 94.2 percent male artists! In addition, a study from Amplify Her Voice reveals that only 22 percent of popular artists are women, 13 percent of pop songwriters are women and 3 percent of pop producers are women. These numbers should tell us that the music industry is not even close to gender equality and we need to do better. The statistics generally aren’t pretty on the business end either; I’ve honestly never heard of a single female or nonbinary manager. Women and nonbinary people are excluded from the room where the music is written and created, excluded from the room where strategizing promotion happens and ignored once it’s released. That’s unacceptable. 

You may notice that women and nonbinary artists are most plentiful in the pop and indie pop scene. Many other genres like rap, rock and country remain fairly male-dominated. You might also recall from aforementioned data that straight men don’t really listen to pop or any women or nonbinary artists. So why don’t men listen to pop? Why is the genre not respected? It’s a complex question. I suspect the answer is thanks to deep rooted misogyny thinly veiled as “an aversion to pop” (and coincidentally, to all female rappers and rockers). The story goes like this: From a very young age, boys are encouraged to master instruments, and girls are not. However, women are notoriously more attuned to their emotions than men due to a culture of toxic masculinity. That skill generally lends itself to a strength in songwriting and expressive vocal performance. Ultimately, the gender binary translated into music equates complicated instrumentation with male identity, and strong lyricism and songwriting with female identity. 

It’s the classic sexist logic and reason versus emotion and passion dichotomy, just in music. Thus, pop is deemed feminine, rock is deemed masculine, etc. Of course, the complexity of your instrumentation doesn’t measure the greatness of a song. If it did, pop wouldn’t be one of the most popular and influential genres of all time. People don’t always want to hear 12 chords and random riffs; sometimes they want to hear simple melodies that get stuck in their heads, melodies that are relatable, that they can sing along to. Melodies and lyrics that make you feel something. In pop, melody has priority over instrumentation. That’s not “inferior.” It’s just a different type of musical expression. Because of this sexist framework, artists like Shawn Mendes, Justin Bieber and Harry Styles don’t have many male fans even though they’re men; their music is considered feminine and therefore inferior because of its pop structure. This binary doesn’t tell the whole story of course. Straight men don’t take female rappers or rockers seriously a lot of the time simply because they are women.

Misogyny is everywhere and defines everything about the music industry. At the meta-level, pop music is not respected as a genre because of its perceived femininity. At the industry level, women are denied a seat at the tables where music and decisions about it are made. At the media level, female artists are transformed into ridiculous caricatures who are always feuding with each other, serial dating, going crazy, etc. And at the personal level, all women experience sexism everyday. Female artists are shouting this from the rooftops in almost every album, and a lot of men still won’t listen. Although it’s an extremely exciting time for gender minorities in music (just think about that list of albums from 2020), there’s a long way to go for more representation. If you’re a straight guy reading this, ask yourself why you may be neglecting to listen to artists who aren’t men. If you’re a straight guy in the music industry, please consider uplifting the female and queer artists, songwriters and producers around you. It’s no wonder that for every brilliant album released by a female artist, there’s a track that has to address sexism, and although I love a feminist jam as much as the next girl, I genuinely wish there was no need for a “Golden G String” or a “Plastic Doll.” 


  1. Please send a copy of this article to all female actors, singers, writers, senators, representatives, Hillary Clinton, The VP of the United States, newapaper and TV journalists and University Professors. This article is fantastic and needs to be shared to all women in power positions. I praise you for your writing, passion and courage.

      • I have a different perspective on this. I’m a 46 year old male. I’ve been a guitarist for over 33 years (since I was 13), and I’m mainly into hard rock and heavy metal, as what I play, write, and listen too. I like classic rock and even some classical etc.

        With regards to female singers, no issue with them, but because of my personal tastes, I’m not a fan of the Taylor Swift/Beyoncé era that we are in. I loved Whitney Houston, Janis Joplin, and Heart. Great female artists. I don’t like the current sounds and styles of modern pop music; that’s not misogyny; music is subjective, it’s personal tastes. It’s the same reason many women don’t like hard rock and metal or music with long complex guitar solos like the stuff I’m doing. It’s no different. If the only reason that some women are pissed off more men won’t listen to these modern pop artists simply because they are singing about sexism, and we as men need to hear their message…what is that? I think there is far too much overthink here. You cannot force people to listen to music they don’t like simply because they are singing about messages the male population needs to hear, and call it “sexist”. It doesn’t work that way. A guy not liking Justin Bieber’s music does not make him sexist simply because his fan base is almost exclusively all women….what’s his message that men so desperately need to hear?

        • @Jeff I think you missed the point. Women and non binary people are underrepresented in every area of the music industry, full stop.

          It’s not about taste in music or what you do and don’t like. It’s about the fact that women and non binary people don’t have access to the same opportunities as male artists, and they never have. This is why you find yourself only liking male artists.

  2. I agree with the other dude. I am very impressed with this. I felt like I was reading an almost philosophical literature. I read a part of Mary Wollstonecraft, a female feminine activist’s work, which was called the Vindications of … something about women’s rights. I read chapter 1 and 2. Some parts of this reminded me of her chap 2. Mary wrote her peace in 1792 though. I read this for an English term paper assessment, and I needed something like this.

  3. I belong to a local blues club in a rural city in Australia and we celebrated International Blues Music Day recently with four bands, none of which had any female members.
    They were all guitar based acts with very mediocre male singers…. You know the ones, just sing in tune and that’s it, whereas most female singers can sing! The committee are all male and when I pointed out that there were no women performing, they suggested I join the committee! I said there shouldn’t have to be a female on the committee to bring diversity to the stage. Women have been on the committee before but have left because of the attitudes of the men. We have an open mike day every month and I get up occasionally with the newly formed club band and sing but the guys are so unreliable that they can’t get it together to rehearse. I write my own songs but am a very mediocre guitarist and was in a band with other women but there is a dearth of female lead guitarists so we had a bloke who was unreliable and moody and jealous because he wasn’t the singer songwriter. It’s always a competition with men and they can’t acknowledge that women are better singers in a lot of cases. I also present a blues show on our community radio station along with some men from the club, we take turns weekly. I was excited when it came to presenting for the first time as I was the first female to do so, so I told one of the guys I was going to do a women in blues show, highlighting some Aussie performers for the first hour. I was told not to because sone people don’t like female singers!!! I got angry and played nothing but female singers for the whole two hours. After the international day celebration of men, I have been playing nothing but female artists when I present the show. I now feel it’s my duty and if they say anything I will tell them where they can shove it!

  4. I feel that I’m the only one concerned about the platform that females engage on. Why is the female body being used 95% of the time? There is hardly a few female artists that dont use their bodies to sell.

    • Men have been exploiting women’s bodies in their music for decades. A woman can choose how she presents herself in her music and her videos where she is lead. 95% of the time? Have you ever seen male rap videos? The males have their shirts off and are flexing their six packs. It’s no different than a woman showing her body in her music videos.

  5. Strawman arguments aren’t great to rely on. I’ll go out on a limb and assume your knowledge of heavy metal is extremely low to non-existent. The leather metal look of the culture is defined by the gay leather aesthetics of the 70’s by a queer man named Rob Halford. He’s rightfully regarded as the Metal God by fans, and their fan base is massive. The most extreme sub-genre called black metal has Ghaal who came out as gay. Mina Caputo of Life of Agony is a transgender woman. There’s been an explosion of women and non-cisgender people in heavy metal and it’s poppy offshoots in nu-metal, metalcore, and deathcore since the 80’s.

    I have to ask, also, why must I spend my precious time listening to artists that make pop music? Because their women or part of the LGBTQ+ crowd? That is erroneous. It’s like asking the atheist to present proof god doesn’t exist.

    Music hits people different, and pop has never spoke to me. Music likeMadonna, Mariah Carey, Janet Jackson, and others isn’t my cup of tea. Heart, Joan Jett,and Blondie are different, they are interesting and sound good.

    Now, it’s vastly different. American pop music still represents music to avoid for me, a long with country and hip-hop. It offers no joy because it’s boring and pedestrian in sound. They’re the opposite of heavy metal bands. Sharon den Adel, Anneke von Geirsburgen, Floor Jansen, and Liv Kristine all front metal bands and created pop music that is leaps and bounds above American pop. Sabina Classen broke the ceiling with harsh female vocals in thrash metal, and there’s a plethora of woman singers in bands like Lucifer, King Woman Thunder Mother who don’t stick to the growling vocal trope. Women are now shredding with any man on the guitar, and more are taking their seat behind the drum kit.

    I’ll go listen to Steam Powered Giraffe (transwoman), Sopor Aeternus (transwoman), Sarah King, Amanda Palmer, Agnes Obel, Sarah Blasko, and other talented women who create their music from lyrics to musicianship without relying on 20 people to write a Beyonce song… Is that a sexist view? I don’t believe so. Yes, I generally listen to bands with male singers. Why? Because they hold the most importance to keeping me alive and singing my emotions.

    I’m glad heavy metal has a point in any debate that’s able to refute many arguments. Sadly, it does promote sexism way too often. Look at bands like Butcher Babies, In This Moment, and so many others who push their music with their bodies. Then bands like Lord of the Lost push it too. Sex and scantly clad women still sell music. Women fronted bands still don’t headline festivals. There’s a long way to go for equality, but the heavy metal community is open to anyone no matter their religion, sexual orientation, gender, or ethnicity.

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